Presidents of India – List of Indian Presidents Since 1947 to Till Date

Presidents of India info After India became free nation from 15th August,1947, the ruling system, policies, rules and regulations etc got completely changed. After many changes and modifications, Dr.B.R.Ambedkar, chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly has written Constitution of India and adopted on 26th January,1950. A new head of state was required to replace the position of Governor-General. Hence, after the official adoption of the Indian constitution, Dr.Rajendra Prasad was elected as the first President of India on the same day by an electoral college that includes members of both houses(Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) of Parliament and State Legislative Assemblies. And then after the list of presidents of India can be seen below.

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Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay

Mahanandi Temple

India is a secular country and has been a birthplace of many religions. Hinduism is most popular religion and is represented by the number of temples in all the nooks and corners of the country.  One such temple is the Mahanandi temple or Mahanandiswara Swamy Devasthanam.


Mahanandi temple, situated inside thick forests east of Nallamala hills, is about 21kms from Nandyal, Andhra Pradesh, India.  This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and his gate-guardian Nandi. It is an ancient shrine built 1,500 years ago and is encircled by 8 other Nandi shrines together called Nava Nandis.


Local folklore tells an interesting story about this temple. Once there lived a sage called Silada in Nallamala forest. He only ate stones as food. He meditated on Lord Shiva and led a content life. He had no children and so his wife requested him to pray to the Lord for a child.

Lord Shiva, the ever benevolent, blessed them with a male child and both they named him Mahananda. The boy grew up and after his thread ceremony (Upanayanam), he immersed in meditation of Lord Shiva. Pleased with his devotion, Lord accepted Mahananda as his vahana or vehicle.  Shiva converted him into a bull and took him along to Kailasam, his heavenly abode.

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Simhachalam Temple Timings

Simhachalam Temple Timings

Simhachalam temple, also known as Simhadri temple, is located In Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. It is dedicated to Lord Vishnu’s Man-Lion incarnation, Narasimha. The temple is an excellent example of Kalinga architectural style. As per the ancient rules, pilgrims must visit Kalabhairava temple before visiting Simhachalam Temple (Simhachalam Temple Timings)because Kalabhairava is suppose to be the main guard of Simhachalam and one should not meet Narasimha without his permission.


As per the ancient stories, Prahlad had made this temple first as he was a huge devotee of Lord Vishnu. He made the two incarnations of Lord Vishnu, Varaha and Narsimha, alive at one place for others devotees. Later that temple was ruined due to negligence. But again King Pururava and Urvashi rebuilt the temple. The divine voice had asked Urvashi that the idol should be covered with sandalwood paste for the whole year except the 3rd day of Hindu month, Vaishakh, which we name as Akshay Tritiya. That rule is strictly being followed today also. This is said to be the Nijaroopa Darshan of Lord.

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Himalayan Rivers of India

Himalayan Rivers of India, the article provides a brief description about them.  These rivers in Himalaya are very long. These Himalayas (Himalayan Rivers of India) rivers are perennial because they derive their water from snowmelt and rainfall. But, the seasonal variation of the water-flow is a typical feature of this Himalayan river system. Many important rivers had their origin in the Himalayas. The Himalayan rivers provide a new dimension to the scenic beauty of Himalayan region. In those areas, the Himalayan river system is the major source of life. These Himalayas rivers enable the formation of irrigation process and forest belt in those regions. Let us learn about the Himalayan river systems in detail.

Himalayan Rievrs - 1


The himalayan rivers contain 3 systems.

  • The Indus System
  • The Ganga System
  • The Brahmaputra System


This himalayan river system consists of the river Indus and the 5 tributaries of this river – Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Jhelum and Chenab. Near the Mansarovar lake, the Indus originates in Tibet at a height of 5,180 metres and enters the territory of India in jammu and Kashmir.


The origin of Ganga is the Himalayas. It is one of the major himalayan rivers. After its headstreams, Bhagirathi and Alaknanda gets united at Devaprayag, this river gets its name.

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Hindu Symbols

The Hinduism is the oldest religion on the earth and has great significance by all means. It has got several number of symbols and each has its own importance and meaning that are used in various occasions. Let us walk through each Hindu symbols and gain some knowledge on it.


1. OM

Om or Aum is a vital symbol in Hinduism. It is also treated as “the mother of all mantras”. The ‘Om’ symbol represents the four stages of consciousness – Awake, Dreaming, Sleeping and Transcendental state or Trance.

Om - ( Hindu Symbols )

The 4 stages of consciousness in AUM means:

  • Waking state : It is also referred as Vaishvanara or Jagrat. The ‘A’ in ‘AUM’ relates to our conscious mind. The entire world.
  • Deep Sleep state : It is also named as Pranja or Susupti. This represents the letter M in ‘AUM’ relating to our latent unconscious.
  • Dream state : This is the letter U in ‘AUM’ also called as Taijasa or Swapna which relates to our unconscious state.
  • Samadhi : this is pure consciousness and the silence after sounding AUM. stilling the fluctuations of the mind for yoga purpose.


This Hindu symbol is also having great importance in Hinduism. This word comes from the sanskrit word ‘svastika’. Swastika is an equilateral cross with four arms bent at 90 degrees.

Swastik - ( Hindu Symbols )

‘Swa’ meaning good or higher self or auspicious, ‘asti’ meaning realize or state of being and ‘ka’ as suffix. The literal meaning of Swastika means ‘to be good’ and another translation for this symbol is ‘being with higher self’.

Goddess Lakshmi

Goddess Lakshmi, wife of Lord Vishnu is recognised as the “ The Goddess who Accords strength to Gods ”. In relation to Vaishnavism, Lord Vishnu is treated as the Supreme God. These are the lesser known facts of Goddess Lakshmi, get to know if you are not aware of them.


Goddess Lakshmi Images


Lakshmi is derived from its primitive form ‘LakS’ in Sanskrit. LakS means “ to observe or perceive”. This is similar to the meaning of the word ‘Laksya’, Objective or Aim. Goddess Lakshmi has different names which we will see in further facts.


Among many epithets of Goddess Lakshmi, Lotus flower is tightly coupled with her.

Padma                       : Lotus dweller

Padmapriya               : One who likes lotus flowers

Padma Mukhi             : One whose face is as beautiful as a lotus

Kamala                       : Lotus dweller

Padmasundari            : One whose face is as beautiful as a lotus

Padmakshi                  :  One whose eyes are as beautiful as a lotus

Padma Maladhara Devi: One who wears a garland of lotuses


As mentioned earlier, she has got several names such as Aishwarya, Kalyani, Rujula, Vaishnavi, Narayani, Bhargavi, Jalaja, Lalima, Kamalika, Sridevi, Samruddhi, Shreya, Chakrika, Manushri, Nandika, Sujatha, Chanchala and Madhavi. In relation to Sri Mahalakshmi Ashtakam,  She is also called as Jaganmatha, which means “Mother of the Universe”.

Indian Culture vs Western Culture

Societies fluctuate starting with one locale then onto the next and starting with one nation then onto the next. Culture is intrinsic and indispensable piece of one’s life, be it western or Indian Culture (Indian Culture vs Western Culture). We ought to regard the way of life of a person as it mirrors the state of mind, way or conduct of that individual.

Each country or nation has their own way of life identifying with sustenance, garments, social life, living style, tending to, dialects, celebrations, writing, move and music, conventions, conjugal life, connections, convictions, otherworldly existence, autonomy and numerous in the rundown.

On the worldwide stage, Indian culture is one such subject that is broadly talked about and profoundly talked when contrasted with western culture nowadays.

The jolt up of globalization has had a major effect and changes in the way of life of individuals living in western and additionally India. However there are a few practices in both the way of life that are still taken after and regarded.

The list of festivals goes like this – Diwali, Dussehra, Holi, Moharram, ganesh chaturthi, Krishna Ashtami, Eid-ul-Fitr, Gurpurab, Bihu, Hemis, Onam, Christmas, Pongal, Bakrid, Baisakhi, Buddha Purnima etc. Some of the festivals in India are also celebrated in the west these days.

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Vishnu Sahasranamam In Hindi

स्तोत्रम् ।
हरिः ॐ ।

विश्वं विष्णुर्वषट्कारो भूतभव्यभवत्प्रभुः ।
भूतकृद्भूतभृद्भावो भूतात्मा भूतभावनः ॥ १॥

पूतात्मा परमात्मा च मुक्तानां परमा गतिः ।
अव्ययः पुरुषः साक्षी क्षेत्रज्ञोऽक्षर एव च ॥ २॥

योगो योगविदां नेता प्रधानपुरुषेश्वरः ।
नारसिंहवपुः श्रीमान् केशवः पुरुषोत्तमः ॥ ३॥

सर्वः शर्वः शिवः स्थाणुर्भूतादिर्निधिरव्ययः ।
सम्भवो भावनो भर्ता प्रभवः प्रभुरीश्वरः ॥ ४॥

स्वयम्भूः शम्भुरादित्यः पुष्कराक्षो महास्वनः ।
अनादिनिधनो धाता विधाता धातुरुत्तमः ॥ ५॥

अप्रमेयो हृषीकेशः पद्मनाभोऽमरप्रभुः ।
विश्वकर्मा मनुस्त्वष्टा स्थविष्ठः स्थविरो ध्रुवः ॥ ६॥

अग्राह्यः शाश्वतः कृष्णो लोहिताक्षः प्रतर्दनः ।
प्रभूतस्त्रिककुब्धाम पवित्रं मङ्गलं परम् ॥ ७॥

ईशानः प्राणदः प्राणो ज्येष्ठः श्रेष्ठः प्रजापतिः ।
हिरण्यगर्भो भूगर्भो माधवो मधुसूदनः ॥ ८॥

ईश्वरो विक्रमी धन्वी मेधावी विक्रमः क्रमः ।
अनुत्तमो दुराधर्षः कृतज्ञः कृतिरात्मवान् ॥ ९॥

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Family Tree of Mughal Rulers of India

The Mughal period can be called second classical age of northern India. In its cultural development, the Indian traditions were amalgamated with the Turko-Iranian culture that was brought to the country by the Mughals. The Mughal rulers of India kept close contacts with Iran. Here is Mughals Family Tree. Babar, founder of the Mughal dynasty, was the king of Kabul.Babar, founder of the Mughal dynasty, was the king of Kabul.